Italy: Basic data

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Summary, Basic Data, Economy, Background
Political Geography
Italy

Total area

301,333 sq km (2000 estimate), of which 38% arable and permanent crop, 15% pasture, 21% forests (1999)

Population

61m (UN; 2013 estimate)

Main towns

Population in '000 (Istat; January 1st 2013)

Rome (capital; Roma): 2,639

Milan (Milano): 1,262

Naples (Napoli): 959

Turin (Torino): 872

Palermo: 655

Genoa (Genova): 582

Climate

Mediterranean

Weather in Rome (altitude 17 metres)

Hottest month, July, 20-30°C (average daily minimum and maximum); coldest month, January, 4-10°C; wettest month, November, 129 mm average rainfall; driest month, July, 15 mm average rainfall

Language

Italian. German is a minority language in Trentino-Alto Adige, French in Valle d'Aosta and Slovenian in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. There are many regional dialects

Measures

Metric system

Currency

The euro (EUR)

Fiscal year

Calendar year

Time

One hour ahead of GMT in winter, two hours ahead in summer

Public holidays

January 1st and 6th; Easter Monday; April 25th; May 1st; June 2nd; August 15th; November 1st; December 8th, 25th and 26th


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