Finland: Basic data

Content Type
Country Data and Maps
Institution
Economist Intelligence Unit
Abstract
No abstract is available.
Topic
Summary, Basic Data, Economy, Background
Political Geography
Finland

Land area

303,815 sq km, as well as 34,330 sq km inland water; of the total area, 11.5% is cultivated and 68% is covered by forests

Population

5,474,645 (Statistics Finland, end-2014)

Main towns

Population

Helsinki (capital): 621,755

Espoo: 265,634

Tampere: 223,120

Vantaa: 210,738

Climate

Temperate, with long, cold winters and short, warm summers

Weather in Helsinki

Warmest month, July (1971-2000, average daily minimum 13.7°C and maximum 20.9°C); coldest month, February (1971-2000, average daily minimum -7.7°C and maximum -2.2°C); driest month, May (1971-2000, average rainfall 32 mm); wettest month, August (1971-2000, average rainfall 78 mm)

Languages

Finnish and Swedish

Weights and measures

Metric system

Currency

The euro (EUR)

Time

Two hours ahead of GMT

Public holidays

January 1st (New Year's Day), January 6th (Epiphany), April 25th, 27th and 28th (Easter), May 1st (May Day), May 5th (Ascension Day), May 15th (Whit Sunday), June 25th (Midsummer's Day), December 6th (Independence Day), December 25th and 26th (Christmas)


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