Egypt’s Secular Political Parties: A Struggle for Identity and Independence

Michele Dunne, Amr Hamzawy
Content Type
Research Paper
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Secular political parties in Egypt have always been caught between an overbearing state and a largely Islamist opposition. The brief, chaotic political opening from 2011 to 2013 offered them unprecedented opportunities, but the violence and intense polarization that followed the military coup have put them under more pressure than ever. Formal politics in Egypt is now a tightly controlled game in which no real independence is allowed, but some secular parties might reemerge as contenders should there be another opportunity for free competition.
Political Theory, Democracy
Political Geography